Canada Food Safety Testing Market is Expected to Register a Healthy CAGR in the Forecast Period of 2019 to 2026

DRIVERS:

RISING OUTBREAK OF FOOD BORNE ILLNESS:

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Foodborne illness can be caused by different micro-organisms such as parasites, bacteria, viruses in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract due to the chemical present in the food and beverages products. Different foodborne symptoms include diarrhea, vomiting, fever, abdominal pain and chills. Acute foodborne illness occurs for shorter duration and few of the disease can be cured without any treatment.  Foodborne illnesses rarely lead to serious complications. Its symptoms are as follows:

  • Diarrhea and/or vomiting are the common symptoms of foodborne illness, which typically last for 1 to 7 days.
  • Abdominal cramps, nausea, fever, joint/back aches and fatigue are the other frequent symptoms observed during illness.
  • Stomach flu is another common illness caused due to contaminated food or drink by pathogens such as virus, bacteria or parasite.
  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), an article reports that children under 5 years of age carry 40.0% of the foodborne disease burden, with 125 000 deaths every year. Diarrhoeal diseases are the most common illnesses due to consumption of contaminated food. It makes 550 million people ill and 230 000 deaths every year.
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are more than 250 foodborne diseases. It reports that about 1 in 6 Americans i.e. 48 million people get sick from a foodborne illness, 128,000 are hospitalized, and 3,000 die of foodborne diseases each year.
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 31 unspecified agents cause 38.4 million episodes of foodborne illness in the U.S. each year.

STRINGENT REGULATIONS IMPOSED IN FOOD INDUSTRY:

Food safety is a scientific study that refers to handling, preparation, and storage of food in numerous ways in order to prevent food-borne diseases. The occurrence of two or more cases of similar illnesses due to ingestion of a common food is identified as a food-borne disease outbreak. If the common food has led to food borne outbreak, the regulations are strictly applied to constrain the growth of the outbreaks through food. Food is governed by a complexity of laws and regulations by food processing and services industries such as European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF.) These bodies ensure that the food is safe and has adequate quality across all the countries. The General Food Law Regulation is implemented as it ensures great level of protection to the human life.

The various stringent regulations which are imposed on food industry are as follows for the European region are:

  • General Food Law (Regulation (EC) No 178/2002) this law imposes general obligations to provide safe food.
  • Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 is imposed on the hygiene of foodstuffs, food businesses.
  • The FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) is imposed to transform nation’s food safety system as it helps to shift the focus from responding to foodborne illness to preventing foodborne illness.
  • Regulation (EC) 178/2002, the General Food Law Regulation, lays down definitions, principles, and obligations covering all stages of food/feed production and distribution.
  • The Standards Council of Canada, the food safety management system designs the framework to ensure the safety of the food supply chain from farms to the fork. The other international standard carries food safety practices which is preferable for any organization for manufacturers, producers of the packaging materials, equipment, cleaning agents, ingredients and additives used in the food products.
  • In November 2018, Canadian Food Inspection Agency's (CFIA) taken an action to safeguard the food supply in Canada and to their consumers. The agency also verifies the requirement of food safety to conduct the sample and their test to avoid the risk generated from the chemical and microbiological hazards and the allergens, gluten in the food. These parameters helps CFIA to identify the food safety hazards and minimizes the risk raised from the foods

 RESTRAINT

LACK OF INFRASTRUCTURE FOR FOOD SAFETY CONTROL:

There are various aspects of Total Quality Management (TQM) such as quality control, quality system and quality assurance. The food safety regulation assures that the quality food products manufactured and sold in the market would meet the stringent parameters in the interest of consumer safety and public health. The essential set-ups required for food control are space, privacy, infection control, and water and hygiene maintenance for infection control, communication, and adequate power supply and fire safety. Food system infrastructure covers everything that comes under supply chain between the consumer and the producer, such as farm, fishery or community garden. These supply chain involves businesses and resources such as seed, feed and compost suppliers; equipment repair and fabrication services.  The food infrastructure have a a scarce transportation system vehicles, bridges and roads. The adverse infrastructure of the food industry is due to the lack of the government funding their policies, investment in the infrastructures of food processing and strict trade policies. According to an article published by construction Industry Federation, the development and the growth of the European countries infrastructure is reverse going.

  • According to an article published on a Canadian news portal, in 2018, in Canada the population have lack knowledge towards the food safety and are less aware of the food safely handle and their preparation which avoids the food-borne illness and food poisoning. The lack of awareness among the population of Canada and leading the government organization to provide the fund for their awareness and campaign to handle the food safety products and leading the growth of the food safety infrastructure in Canada.
  • According to the Food and Agricultural Organization of the U.S., in Canada, the framework of the food safety is developing and the government organization of the Canada is optimizing the efficiency and ensuring the participation in the food safety. The factors which review and restructure the food inspection system are not as unique in other countries and need to be efficient and developed in consumers to avoid the challenges.

Less investment in the development of the overall infrastructure of the Canada by the government organization to promote the food safety is adversely affecting the growth of the market.

OPPORTUNITY

RISING AWARNESS REGARDING FOOD SAFETY AMONG CONSUMERS:

Food safety can be described as handling, preparation, and storage of food in ways to prevent food-borne illness. The occurrence of two or more cases of a similar illnesses resulting from the ingestion of a common food is known as a food-borne disease outbreak. Due to a number of food-related incidents and reported outbreaks worldwide, consumer confidence has begun to decrease over the packed food materials. The new European Food Information for Consumers Regulation was introduced in the year 2014, which stated that any of the 14 main allergens that are listed on the regulatory control board such as milk allergy, egg allergy, peanut allergy, wheat allergy, soy allergy and many more are listed. It is required highlight on the label and information about allergenic ingredients on the packed product.

  • According to an article published in 2015 by food standard agency, a survey was conducted regarding awareness towards food hygiene and around 63.0% of the respondents were estimated to be responsive. Various food safety programs run around the globe to augment and boost the awareness among the consumers.
  • The growing awareness programs and awards leading the contribution of the companies and other authority to lead the awareness for food safety among population. For instance, According to the NSF International in 2018, the winner of the food safety awards are recognized by the Canadian food and beverage individuals and companies contributed in the food safety awareness campaign by providing education and action in public.
  • In March 2015, in Canada 197 Canadian TrainCan Inc. foodhandler students participated in a food safety survey to ensure and provide the knowledge at 1, 3 or 5 years post food handler and accelerated to the certification. This awareness program introduced by the TrainCan Inc. foodhandler will develop the awareness towards the safety of the food products among younger generation.
  • In December 2008, World Health Organization (WHO), food safety experts fixed and settled a melamine thresholds which will be adopted by the government bodies. The Canada is the first country who adopted tolerable daily intake guidelines and provided the criteria matched by the WHO.

Due to the increase in the government alertness programs and awareness of the consumers towards the food safety, it has become significant for manufacturers to focus on the food testing before delivering the finished good product into the market and to avoid recalling of the product

CHALLENGE

TIME CONSUMING TESTING METHOD:

Rising awareness among the food consumers for their safety and demand of the fresh food products and their processing have led to the encroachment of food safety practices by the organizations. The continuous growth of the foodborne diseases in various countries such as Spain, U.K., Germany, North America and other region have risen the concern for food testing and the ingredients used in the food products.

The rising concern of the food testing led to the demand of the microbiological testing of the food products, which is the most common method. The process provides the significant analysis result in the manufacturing processes of batch and processing environment of the food products.

  • The microbiological testing method is been sub divided into membrane filtrations process, which itself is a lengthy process and needs a lot of time for conclusion and even after such complex methodologies are used for testing, the results cannot be termed as 100% accurate.
  • According to an article published recently by Nuffoods Spectrum, only 20.0% of growth is found in the food sample testing over the past 5 years. One of the biggest problems in testing food borne pathogens is to detect their occurrence if they are in very small concentration, for example salmonella has concentrations of around 1 cell of pathogens in every 20g of the product.

Due to such small concentration of the pathogens present in the food, the testing of the food requires a huge amount of time and from time to time the tests are performed again to ensure total safety of the food. Regulation like No 2073/2005 (commission regulation) is also imposed on microbiological criteria for foods and is applicable from 2016. This regulation distinguishes the food safety criteria for countless foodborne bacteria, their toxins and metabolites, for example Salmonella, Listeria monocytogenes, Enterobacter sakazakii, staphylococcal enterotoxins and histamine in specific foods. These criteria define the adequacy of a product or a batch of food pertinent to products positioned on the market.

Market Trends:

The Canada food safety testing market is segmented based testing type, technology, food categories and contaminants.

On the basis of testing type, the market is segmented into the market is segmented pathogens, pesticides, GMO, toxins and others. Pathogens are sub segmented into E.coli, salmonella, campylobacter, listeria and others. In 2018, pathogens segment is projected to lead with the shares 69.92% and GMO segment is growing with the highest CAGR of 7.8% in the forecast period of 2018 to 2025.

On the basis of technology, the market is segmented into polymerase chain reaction, immunoassay, chromatography, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, biochip or biosensor, flow cytometry, microarrays, rapid assay and others. Chromatography is sub segmented into liquid chromatography, gas chromatography, thin layer chromatography, paper chromatography and column chromatography.  In 2018, polymerase chain reaction segment is projected to lead with the shares 39.72% and will attend the highest CAGR of 8.4% in the forecast period of 2018 to 2025.

On the basis of food categories, the market is segmented into the market is segmented into processed foods, meat and poultry, dairy products, fruits and vegetables, grains and cereals, seafood and others.  In 2018, meat and poultry segment is projected to lead with the shares 29.06% and fruits and vegetables segment will attend the highest CAGR of 8.4% in the forecast period of 2018 to 2025.

On the basis of contaminants, the market is segmented into Salmonella, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas, Bacillus, moulds and others. Each contaminant is sub segmented into different food category such as processed foods, meat and poultry, dairy products, fruits and vegetables, grains and cereals, seafood and others. . In 2018, Salmonella segment projected to lead with the shares 28.44% and growing at the highest CAGR of 8.0% in the forecast period of 2018 to 2025.

Major Players: Canada Food Safety Testing Market

Some of the major players operating in this market are SGS SA, Bureau Veritas, Intertek Group plc, AsureQuality Ltd, LabCorp, Eurofins Scientific, TUV SUD, ALS Limited, TÜV NORD GROUP, Mérieux NutriSciences, Genetic ID NA, Inc and Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc  among others.